Pigmentation: Causes, Symptoms and Effective Home Remedies
One of the most common skin conditions that afflicts anyone despite their skin type is hyperpigmentation. It results when your skin produces excessive melanin. Melanin is the pigment that gives your skin its characteristic color.When you have pigmentation, some patches of your skin will appear darker compared to the surrounding areas.
Sun spots and melasma are forms of hyperpigmentation that affect parts of your skin exposed to the sun. These parts include the arms, legs, and face. Others such as burns, acne, cuts, and lupus result from skin inflammation or injury and can occur on any part of the body. Although hyperpigmentation is usually harmless, it could sometimes be an indication of an underlying medical condition.
Although most cases of hyperpigmentation result from damage, there are several other causes. They include:
- Pregnancy hormones
- Some medications such as chemotherapy drugs
- Insulin resistance
- Endocrine diseases like Addison’s disease
- Skin trauma or irritation
The good news is that you can avoid those dark patches on your skin. Here are a few ways to do so:
- Avoid Excessive Sun Exposure: When out in the sun, use a sunscreen with an SPF of not less than 30 for skin protection. This also stops hyperpigmentation from further darkening.
- Do Not Pick at your Skin: When you avoid picking at scabs, acne, and spots, you prevent post-injury hyperpigmentation.
Home Remedies for Hyperpigmentation
There are several ways you can handle hyperpigmentation at home. Research has found that the ingredients used in the following home remedies could work on skin pigmentation.
- Apple Cider Vinegar: Acetic acid–the main component in apple cider vinegar–is proven to lighten pigmentation. For this remedy, you are required to mix equal amounts of water and apple cider vinegar in a bowl. Apply the resulting solution to the dark patches on your skin and allow at least three minutes for the mixture to infiltrate. After that, rinse the skin using warm water. For best results, repeat this procedure twice daily.
- Aloe Vera:Aloe vera contains a depigmenting compound called aloin. If a 2012 study is anything to go by, aloin lightens skin and. Besides, it is an effective and non-toxic hyperpigmentation treatment. With this remedy, you simply have to apply the aloe gel to the affected part of your skin before bedtime. In the morning, rinse the gel off using lukewarm water. With consistent use, you will begin noticing changes in a matter of days.
- Green Tea Extract: According to medical experts, this component has depigmenting effects when applied to the skin. All you have to do is purchase green tea extract over-the-counter and apply it to the affected area of your skin. To use this remedy, dip a green tea bag in hot water and leave it in for about five minutes. When this time has elapsed, get it out and allow the tea bag to cool before rubbing it over the dark patches on your skin. Professionals recommend repeating this procedure at least twice daily for best results.
- Black Tea Water: A study published in 2011 proved the lightening effect that black tea water had on guinea pigs’ dark spots. If you want to try out this remedy, you will first have to boil a cup of water and add black tea leaves. You will then need to steep for about two hours before straining to get rid of the leaves. Once this is done, you can soak a ball of cotton in the resulting solution and apply it to the affected part of your skin. It is best to repeat this procedure twice daily.
- Milk: Milk contains lactic acid, which has proven to be an effective ingredient in lightening skin discoloration. To treat hyperpigmentation, dip a cotton ball in a container of milk and proceed to rub it over the darkened skin at least twice daily.
If these home remedies fail, there are several medical treatment options you can choose from. For instance, you could opt for chemical peels, the OxyGeneo facial, or microneedling. If you are looking for a medspa in Atlanta for pigment-reducing, you know where to go. At Creative Medspa, we treat patients of all skin types. For years, our staff has served residents of Atlanta and the surrounding communities.